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Back Pain: Types, Causes and Treatment

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Back pain is a common problem that affects millions of people throughout the world. It might range from a dull, nagging discomfort to severe, debilitating pain. The human spine’s intricacy, with its intricate network of muscles, ligaments, nerves, and bones, leaves it vulnerable to various diseases that can cause back pain. In this blog, we’ll discuss the basics of back pain, including its causes and types of back pain.

What is Back Pain? 

Back pain is defined as any discomfort or pain felt in the upper, middle, or lower back. It might be acute (lasting a few days to a few weeks) or chronic (lasting months or even years). Back pain can interfere with everyday activities, quality of life, and general health.

Common Causes of Back Pain

Muscle Strain: Overexertion, lifting heavy objects, or sudden movements can strain the muscles and ligaments supporting the spine, leading to pain.

Poor Posture: Prolonged sitting or standing with improper posture can put undue stress on the spine, leading to pain over time.

Herniated Disc: The rubbery discs between the spinal bones can bulge or rupture, pressing on nerves and causing pain.

Degenerative Disc Disease: With age, the discs can lose flexibility, leading to pain due to reduced cushioning between the vertebrae.

Osteoarthritis: The breakdown of cartilage that cushions the joints can affect the spine’s facet joints, causing pain.

Spinal Stenosis: The narrowing of the spinal canal can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in pain and discomfort.

Scoliosis: An abnormal curvature of the spine can lead to muscle imbalances and pain.

Injuries: Traumatic incidents like falls, car accidents, or sports injuries can damage the spine’s structures and cause pain.

Types of Back Pain

Axial Pain: This is the most common type of back pain, characterized by aching or dull sensations primarily in the back muscles. It might be due to muscle strain, poor posture, or overuse.

Radicular Pain: Also known as sciatica, radicular pain occurs when a nerve root in the spine is compressed or irritated. It can cause sharp, shooting pain that radiates down the leg.

Referred Pain: Sometimes, pain in one part of the body is felt in another area. For example, kidney problems can manifest as back pain.

Chronic Back Pain: When pain persists for more than three months, it’s classified as chronic. It can result from various underlying conditions and may require specialized treatment.

Prevention and Treatment

1. Maintain a healthy weight to prevent spinal stress.

2. Exercise regularly to strengthen your core muscles and enhance your posture.

3. Lift something with your legs rather than your back.

4. When sitting or standing, use correct ergonomics.

5. While sleeping, use firm mattresses and pillows.

6. If you smoke, you should think about stopping because it can reduce blood flow to the spine.

When to Seek Medical Help

1. While most back pain goes away on its own with rest and conservative treatments, it’s essential to see a doctor if: 

2. The pain is severe and does not improve with rest.

3. Leg numbness or weakness is present.

4. Weight loss, fever, or other troubling indicators accompany the pain.

5. The bowel or bladder function is impaired.

Back pain is a frequent ailment caused by various factors such as muscular strain, structural abnormalities, traumas, and medical diseases. Understanding the causes and forms of back pain can help people take preventive actions and seek medical attention as soon as possible when necessary. Individuals can attempt to reduce the burden of back pain on their lives by prioritizing proper posture, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and obtaining appropriate care. Contact  Suburban Medical Clinic for the best treatment.